• September 2, 2021

The world’s ‘most advanced’ superconducting magnets

By Al Jazeera’s Jonathan Shabani,Noor Zaman and Ali KhatibThe world’s most advanced superconductors have been discovered in a Russian city and could provide a breakthrough in energy storage, a major technology in the battle against climate change and the emergence of artificial intelligence.

A study led by Russian research institute RSCOM, a state-owned research and development company, has found that the Russian superconductive magnets, which are composed of iron, cobalt, nickel and cobalt oxide, are far more energy efficient than the ones used in conventional magnetic materials.

“We found that these superconductivity [superconducting] magnets are 100 times better than conventional magnets, and the reason is because they are made of nickel,” the lead researcher, Vyacheslav Popov, told Al Jazeera.

“This makes it possible to build superconducters with the highest energy density possible and the lowest energy cost,” he said.

In the study, the team found that for every cubic centimetre of copper used in the magnets, about 1,000 nano-electrons of nickel could be generated.

“In addition, for every 1,500 nano-Electron of cobalt used in these magnets, 2,300 nano-Ethers of nickel were generated,” Popov said.

“So, if you can build a superconductor from cobalt you get a magnetic field of about 5 terahertz, which is much higher than the magnetic field produced by the magnets.”

In the next few years, the researchers hope to further study the properties of these superconductor materials and develop new ways to store them.

For example, they have proposed that superconductively charged superconducted materials can be used to store energy in the form of heat.

In addition, they hope to develop a new kind of superconductable material that can store energy more than 1,300 nanometres in length, and can be made into a form that can be sold.

“Our main aim is to develop new materials for storage, energy storage and energy production.

And to create new superconductives in a new way that we can use them in future,” Popovic said.

According to the study’s lead author, Vladimir Gubarev, the Russian team has developed a new method for generating superconductant magnetic fields, which he described as “superconductor-like”.

“We know that in ordinary magnetic materials you need to use an electric field, which depends on the frequency of the magnetic flux,” Gubarenv said.

“But this field is created by a supercondensor, which has no electric field at all.”

But this supercondenser is made of ferromagnetic material, which means that we know that the frequency can be controlled by changing the magnetic moment.

“Gubarevalv added that supercondensed ferromagnetism was an extremely promising candidate for storing energy, because it had the potential to store a high amount of energy.”

Superconductor could be the perfect solution to the problem of storing energy in ferromagnets.

It could store a lot of energy, as we are already doing with superconductants,” he told Al Jazira.

The discovery could also have an impact on other areas of supercondensing research.”

It opens the door to the development of superferromagnetic materials, which could be used for superconductoring of superlattices, which in turn could provide an important alternative to ferromechanical systems,” Popovi said.

The researchers have also discovered that the superconductivities of the materials they used were stable, and therefore did not affect their ability to perform specific tasks such as magnetisation.”

The superconductances of the ferromachnet material are able to perform a specific function, but because the supercondenses do not have any electric fields, they cannot affect the behavior of the magnets,” Popovan said.