• August 27, 2021

The world’s first non-fertile metal conduit is ready for use

The world first nonfertilised metal conduit for copper production in India has been completed by a team of scientists, and it has a range of advantages over conventional copper fabrication methods, including a low cost of production, improved durability and enhanced environmental and health impacts.

The non-Ferrous Metal Conduit (NFC) project, a joint effort between the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras, the Indian Ministry of Science and Technology (IMDT) and the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC), will provide India’s copper industry with a non-fragile and environmentally friendly means to convert copper into metal.

“The idea behind this project is to improve the copper quality and its environmental impact, and also provide an efficient and affordable means of copper production,” said Dr K. Ramakrishnan, Professor and Chair of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at IIT Madras.

The team, led by Professor and Chairman of the Centre for Applied Technology and Innovation (CATI), Prof. S.K. Jain and Prof. R.K., also comprises Dr. A.V. Subramanian, Professor of Materials and Nanotechnology, IMDT; Prof. B.R. Rajan, Head, Department of Engineering and Applied Materials, MoEFCC; Prof A.

K Singh, Head of Nanotechnology and Nanoimaging Centre, IIT-M; Profs.


Srinivasan and A.J.S. Rao; Dr. G.

K Ghosh, Director, CATI; Dr, D.P. Ramesh, Director CATI and Head, Materials Science Division; and Profs R.

Sajith, P.B. Rao and S.

V Prasad.

The project was launched in 2014 with a $2 million USD award from the MoEFAC.

The team has since expanded to an additional $15 million USD grant from the World Bank.

The project aims to develop a copper conduit for non-metallic processing that can be manufactured with non-traditional manufacturing processes, and reduce the cost of copper manufacturing to between $0.60 to $0