A new era in non-toxic, high-performance metals, according to researchers at Stanford University
Business Insider / Michael Stearns Stanford University researchers say that non-Ferrous Metal surface technologies are poised to deliver breakthroughs in a wide range of applications.
In a recent article for The Atlantic, researchers at the Stanford Graduate School of Engineering and Applied Sciences said that they are developing a new class of materials that are superior to ferrous metals for the performance of low-temperature materials.
The researchers said that these new materials will provide “greater surface area, greater surface flexibility, and improved stability” when applied in a range of materials.
They also noted that the materials would be ideal for making a range, including polymers, flexible plastics, and polyethylene.
The article goes on to describe the benefits of these materials:The material, called the “FEMO-100,” was developed using a combination of lasers, superconducting materials, and an organic molecule to generate a high-temperament process.
“Our results indicate that these technologies can be utilized to produce high-density polymers with low surface area for the fabrication of high-speed, low-cost, and low-emission materials,” the researchers wrote.
The article notes that the material could be used in the production of new forms of energy storage, including hybrid batteries.”FEMOs are also a potential alternative for producing high-strength carbon composite and composite fibers,” the article says.
The materials are also being used in a variety of applications, including the fabrication and testing of ultra-thin and flexible nanostructures for high-capacity, ultra-high-strength solar cells.
The Stanford article also outlines the challenges of the material.
“The FEMO process requires high temperatures, low vacuum, and high pressure, which make it a poor choice for high performance materials,” it says.
“Moreover, high surface area is needed for high thermal conductivity, which limits the use of high performance in most applications.”
The researchers say their work on the material is part of the Advanced Materials Research Challenge, which aims to design a low-energy, non-magnetic and high-brightness material that can be used for applications that have yet to be demonstrated.
They wrote that the next steps include conducting a controlled, high throughput, mass spectrometry and laser-based experiments to validate the material’s performance, and conducting a more detailed study to validate its performance in a wider range of different materials.
“We believe that this work will accelerate the progress of the FEMOs by providing better-than-ever access to a high quality, low cost, high performance material, while continuing to advance the FEMS technology in the areas of high density polymers and low cost and mass spectroscopy,” they wrote.
“This is a significant advancement for the FAMS field, as it represents the first high-volume, high cost, and mass-spectroscopy-based, high brightness FEMS material to be made.”
The materials could also help improve solar cells that use silicon or metal.
“It is very promising that these materials can be made by our team using only high-energy lasers,” Professor Rajesh Kaur said in a statement.
“These new technologies could lead to the development of new and improved solar cell materials that could be useful for the mass production of these advanced materials in the future.”